Persuade othersDetail data, procedures, and outcomesfor future researcherswhen published unless later disprovedProvide an archival recordFormat:The typical lab report includes: title, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, references and literature citedTitle:Use keywords researchers and search engines on the Internet will recognizeAbstract: data presented, and major conclusions in about 100 - 200 words. Introduction:Provide background information and relevant studies: "What knowledge already exists about this subject?"Outline scientific purpose(s) and/or objective(s): "What are the specific hypotheses and the experimental design for investigation?"Materials and methods:List materials used, how were they used, and where and when was the work done (especially important in field studies)Describe special pieces of equipment and the general theory of the analyses or assays usedProvide enough detail for the reader to understand the experiment without overwhelming him/her.
When procedures from a lab book or another report are followed exactly, simply cite the work and note that details can be found there. ResultsSummarize the data from the experiments without discussing their implicationsOrganize data into tables, figures, graphs, photographs, etc. Data in a table should not be duplicated in a graph or figureTitle all figures and tables; include a legend explaining symbols, abbreviations, or special methodsNumber figures and tables separatelyand refer to them in the text by their number, i.
The activity decreases after five minutes (fig.
1)DiscussionRelate results to existing theory and knowledgeExplain the logic that allows you to accept or reject your original hypothesesSpeculate as necessary but identify it as suchInclude suggestions for improving your techniques or design, or clarify areas of doubt for further researchReferences & literature citedAlphabetize by last name of the authorFollow the recommended format for citationsGeneral style Keep your writing impersonal; avoid the use of the first person (i. I or we) Use the past tense and be consistent within the reportnote: "data" is plural and "datum" is singular; species is singular and plural Italicize all scientific names (genus and species) Use the metric system of measurement and abbreviate measurements without periods (i.
cm kg) spell out all numbers beginning sentences or less than 10 (i. Write numbers as numerals when greater than ten (i. 6 mm or 2 g) Have a neutral person review and critique your report before submissionScience series